By William D. Prigge
The 1959 purge of the Latvian nationwide communists has lengthy been forged in black-and-white phrases: Russification and resistance; victimizers and sufferers. traditional knowledge holds that Nikita Khrushchev used to be in the back of the purge. in the end, he used to be the Soviet leading; he stopped in Riga quite a few weeks earlier than; even the prime sufferer of the purge, Eduards Berklavs, categorized Khrushchev the offender. For the 1st time, William D. Prigge’s penetrating research demanding situations this view and untangles the intricacies of Soviet center-periphery family members like a political mystery. With every one new bankruptcy, a more true realizing of occasions comes into sharper concentration - extra complicated and engaging than may perhaps ever be imagined. eventually, the reverberations are felt all of the approach to the Kremlin and weaken what Khrushchev proposal used to be his personal company footing. For the scholar of Soviet and Latvian heritage alike, this quantity offers greater than simply the tale of a purge - it's a exact picture into the political machinations of the Soviet Union and certainly one of its republics.
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Additional resources for Bearslayers: The Rise and Fall of the Latvian National Communists (American University Studies)
15. l. , 28, 29, fifty three lp. 7. Berklavs, Zināt un neaizmirst, 199–206. eight. Kruminsh, Kommunist Sovetskoi Latvii, no. four (1990): 88. nine. Vilis Krūmiņš, “Tas drūmais piecdesmit devītais,” sarunu ar rakstnieku Jāni Lapsu, Karogs, no. nine (1988): 137; Kruminsh, Kommunist Sovetskoi Latvii, no. four (1990): eighty four. 10. Vilis Kruminsh, “Dolgaia doroga ok demokratii,” Kommunist Sovetskoi Latvii, no. three (1990): 88; LVA, one zero one. f. , 21. apr. , 2. l. , 242–44 lp. eleven. Kruminsh, Kommunist Sovetskoi Latvii, no. three (1990): ninety two. 12. LVA, a hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 14–15 lp. thirteen. LVA, one zero one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 56–57 lp. 14. LVA, one zero one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 50–60 lp. 15. LVA, a hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 28–29 lp. sixteen. LVA, one hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , forty five lp. 17. LVA, one hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 48–49 lp. 18. LVA, one hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 32, 35 lp. 19. LVA, a hundred and one. f. , 22. apr. , 15. l. , 35–36 lp. 20. Sovetskaia Latviia, sixteen July 1959, 1. 21. V. Latsis, “Blagotvornye Preobrazovaniia,” Partiinaia Zhizn’, no. sixteen (August 1959): 15. 22. Eduards Berklavs, interview by way of writer, Rīga Latvia, 10 October 2003. 23. Berklavs, Zināt un neaizmirst, 277. bankruptcy 1 1. Titov’s list presents an instance of the fluid nature of republic moment secretaries. relocating from in other places, he stayed for seven years in Latvia and moved directly to turn into the 1st secretary of Ivanova Oblast; Valentin Ershov served basically a number of months in past due 1952 to mid-1953; Filipp Kashnikov (second secretary, 1956 to 1958), used to be a secretary within the Moldavian CP as past due as 1949, then served in insignificant posts, and then he got here to Latvia for 2 years. After serving as moment secretary, he again to relative obscurity. Biographic listing of the USSR, compiled by way of the Institute for the learn of the USSR (New York: Scarecrow Press, Inc. , 1958), 253, 662. 2. Eduards Berklavs, interview by means of writer, Rīga Latvia, 1 October 2003; Berklavs, Zināt un neaizmirst, ninety seven. three. Romuald J Misiunas and Rein Taagepera, The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940– 1990 (London: Hurst & corporation, 1993), 15–21; “Communist Takeover and career of Latvia” in detailed record No. 12 of the decide on Committee on Communist Aggression, Eighty-Third Congress, moment consultation (Washington, D. C. : executive Printing workplace, 1954), 7–12. four. He used to be deported day after today and perished years later. unique file, 10. five. Ibid. , 10, eleven. 6. Suspect Latvians integrated: contributors of leftist anti-Soviet events; individuals of nationalist anti-Soviet events; gendarmes and prison guards; tsarist and White military officials; these notes 139 who were expelled from the occasion or the Komsomol; all political émigrés and volatile parts; all overseas voters and people with overseas connections; all people with own overseas ties, viz. philatelists, Esperantists; excessive civil servants; purple pass officers and refugees from Poland; priests; former noblemen, estate-owners, industrialists and retailers. Misiunas and Taagepera, Years of Dependence, forty-one; see additionally 3rd period in-between document of the decide on Committee on Communist Aggression, Eighty-Third Congress, moment consultation (Washington, D.