By Tony Chafer
With a view to restoration its world-power prestige after the humiliation of defeat and profession, France used to be wanting to continue its abroad empire on the finish of the second one international warfare. but simply fifteen years later France had decolonized, and by way of 1960 just a couple of small island territories remained lower than French control.The means of decolonization in Indochina and Algeria has been commonly studied, yet less has been written approximately decolonization in France's greatest colony, French West Africa. the following, the French strategy was once considered as exemplary -- that's, a gentle transition effectively controlled by way of good intentioned French politicians and enlightened African leaders. Overturning this obtained knowledge, Chafer argues that the quick unfurling of occasions after the second one international conflict used to be a fancy , piecemeal and unpredictable approach, leading to a 'successful decolonization' that used to be accomplished mostly by chance. At independence, the winners assumed the reins of political energy, whereas the losers have been usually repressed, imprisoned or silenced.This vital booklet demanding situations the normal dichotomy among 'imperial' and 'colonial' historical past and may be of curiosity to scholars of imperial and French historical past, politics and diplomacy, improvement and post-colonial stories.
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Extra info for The End of Empire in French West Africa: France's Successful Decolonization?
188– ninety. eleven. P. Manning, Slavery, Colonialism and financial development in Dahomey, 1640–1960 (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), p. 278. 12. S. C. Anignikin, ‘Les facteurs historiques de los angeles décolonisation au Dahomey’, in C. -R. Ageron, ed. , Les Chemins de l. a. décolonisation de l’empire français, 1936–1956 (Eds du CNRS, 1986), pp. 510–11 thirteen. exclusive be aware drafted by means of the Governor-General after the 1956 nationwide meeting elections, quoted in J. -R. de Benoist, L’Afrique, p. 287. 14. record on a speech via Governor-General Cornut-Gentille on 30 October 1952, in ANSOM Aff. Pol. 2200/3; see additionally J. -R de Benoist, L’Afrique, p. 208; R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, pp. 402–11. – 159 – The finish of Empire in French West Africa 15. The warrior-trader Samory journeyé was once well-known for having geared up Mande resistance to French rule on the finish of the 19th century. Sekou travelé claimed to be descended from him and skilfully used ‘Samorism’ to construct help for the PDG one of the descendants of these who were linked to him, cf. R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, pp. 231–9. sixteen. A. C. Danioko, Contribution à l’étude des partis politiques au Mali de 1945 à 1960 (Thèse de 3e cycle, college of Paris VII), p. 261. 17. For a examine masking the politics of French West Africa usually, see R. S. Morgenthau, Political events. For person nation reviews, see for instance A. R. Zolberg, One-Party executive within the Ivory Coast (Princeton collage Press, 1969); J. N. Loucou, ‘La vie politique en Côte d’Ivoire de 1932 à 1952’ (Thèse de 3e cycle, 2 vols. , college of Provence, 1976); S. C. Anignikin, ‘Les facteurs historiques de los angeles décolonisation au Dahomey’, in C. -R. Ageron, ed. , Les Chemins, pp. 505–11; M. -A. Glélé, Naissance d’un état noir (Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1969) (on Dahomey); C. Rivière, Guinea: the Mobilisation of a humans (Ithaca, 1977); A. C. Danioko, ‘Contribution à l’étude des partis politiques au Mali’; G. Gerteiny, Mauritania (Pall Mall Press, 1967); F. Fuglestad, F. , A heritage of Niger 1850–1960 (Cambridge college Press, 1984); A. Ly, Les Regroupements politiques au Sénégal (1956–70). (CODESRIA/Karthala, 1992); F. Zuccarelli, Un Parti Politique Africain, l’Union Progressiste Sénégalaise (Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1970). 18. Climats, 9–15 August 1951, quoted via R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, p. 123. 19. beginning speech by means of normal De Gaulle to the Brazzaville convention, l. a. Conférence Africaine Française. Brazzaville, 30 janvier-8 février 1944 (Ministère des Colonies, 1945), p. 30. 20. Marchés Coloniaux, four April 1953, p. 1006. listed here he additionally acknowledged that assimilation used to be ‘stérilisante’ and ‘hypocrite parce qu’impossible’. 21. J. -R. de Benoist, L’Afrique, pp. 198–203. 22. Interview with Joachim Bonny, Abidjan, 18 June 1999. In Yves Person’s view, Houphouët additionally desired to stay away from being a part of a federal regime that would be ruled through progressive radicals from different territories, see Y. individual, ‘French West Africa and Decolonization’, in P. Gifford and W.